Sexual communication between complementary mating partners in the fungal group of zygomycetes is mediated by the trisporoid pheromone system. A key enzyme towards biosynthesis of hormonally active trisporoids is 4-dihydromethyltrisporate dehydrogenase (TSP1), an enzyme occurring in all zygomycetous fungi. Trisporic acid and some of its precursor molecules serve as pheromones for recognizing complementary mating partners and for induction of the differentiation program towards sexual spore formation. In the parasitic zygomycete Parasitella parasitica, a biotrophic fusion parasite infecting many other zygomycetes, these substances have an additional function: They are also responsible for host-parasite recognition and the formation of the characteristic infection structures. Parasitic interactions are mating type dependent as well. In the Mucor-related mycoparasite P. parasitica we can study both types of communication in parallel. We were interested in protein structures of TSP1 from P. parasitica, the genome of which was recently sequenced by us, and especially in the mechanisms involved in the switch from sexual to parasitic communication. P. parasitica contains at least six genes coding for TSP1-like proteins. We created models of tertiary structures and performed protein-protein docking with the resulting protein structures to simulate dimerization and to provide support for probable regulatory mechanisms at the protein level. The resulting structure models show differences in putative activity and binding preferences between the different TSP1-like proteins. Two of them seem to be able to form solid binding pockets for substrate and cosubstrate after dimerization. The other four TSP1-like proteins are more likely to represent regulating subunits for the two active isoforms. The ability to form homodimers with enzymatic activity could be the crucial difference between sexual and parasitic communication pathways. TSP1 PARPA_07791 forms enzymatically inactive homodimers. The second TSP1, PARPA_04105, forms active homodimers and could be responsible for the parasitic pathway of communication. Both TSP1 proteins can form more or less active heterodimers with the additional TSP1-like proteins. TSP1 PARPA_07791 mediates the sexual pathway probably as in other zygomycetous fungi like Mucor mucedo. High sequence identities between this TSP1 isomer and TSP1 proteins from other zygomycetes substantiate its function. This bioinformatic study supports previous experimental findings of post-translational regulation of 4-dihydromethyltrisporate dehydrogenases in zygomycetes and, for the first time, provides a substantiated hypothesis of the underlying mechanism.